The gas market model GAMAMOD is a bottom-u … The gas market model GAMAMOD is a bottom-up model used to determine and analyse the optimal natural gas supply structure in Europe and to examine the utilization of the natural gas infrastructure. In its basic version, the model includes the EU-28 countries as well as Switzerland, Norway, the Baltic States and the Balkan region. In addition, important suppliers for the European natural gas market are considered (e.g. Russia, Algeria, and Qatar). On the supply side, the model considers different production capacities with respect to the production level. The model enables the transport of natural gas by modelling pipelines and liquefied natural gas (LNG) shipping. The capacity of single pipelines between neighbouring countries are aggregated in the model. In the case of LNG shipping, the model considers regasification and liquefaction capacities in export and import countries. The model includes an exogenously imputed natural gas demand for each respective country. Moreover, seasonal demand patterns in the respective countries are considered.
GAMAMOD enables the analysis of trading capacities between regional markets. Due to restricted transmission capacities, regional incidences of congestions might occur. The model allows for examining supply interruptions and their impact on the European natural gas system. As each country is modelled as a single aggregated node, no congestions occur within a market area. Furthermore, the model considers natural gas storage, which ensures security of supply in the European natural gas market.
Cyprus and Malta are isolated from the integrated European natural gas pipeline grid. Therefore, they are not considered in the model.ore, they are not considered in the model.